Google

Google is an American multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products. These include online advertising technologies, search, cloud computing, and software. Most of its profits are derived from AdWords, an online advertising service that places advertising near the list of search results.

Google Brain

Google Brain a créé 2 intelligences artificielles qui ont développé leur propre algorithme cryptographique pour protéger leurs messages d’une 3ème IA, qui essayait d’élaborer sa propre méthode pour briser le crypto généré par l’IA. L’étude est une réussite : les deux premières IA ont appris à communiquer en toute sécurité à partir de zéro. À noter que les IA n’ont pas reçu d’instruction concernant la méthode ou les techniques de cryptographie à utiliser.

 

Google Brain

 

Que dit Wikipedia à propos de Google Brain :

Google Brain est un projet de recherche d’apprentissage en profondeur (deep learning) conduit par Google.

Le projet “Google Brain” a commencé en 2011 comme une collaboration de recherche à temps partiel entre le fellow Google Jeffrey Dean, le chercheur Google Greg Corrado et le professeur de l’Université de Stanford Andrew Ng. Ng était intéressé depuis 2006 par l’utilisation de l’apprentissage en profondeur pour faire progresser l’intelligence artificielle, et en 2011 il avait commencé à collaborer avec Dean et Corrado pour construire un système logiciel d’apprentissage en profondeur à grande échelle, DistBelief, sur l’infrastructure du cloud computing de Google. En 2013, Andrew Ng a quitté Google pour fonder la startup Coursera, une compagnie offrant de la formation en ligne, puis en 2014, il est devenu le chef du groupe d’intelligence artificielle de Baidu.

Le projet est devenu une réussite du projet Google X. Astro Teller a dit que le projet avait payé pour la totalité du coût de Google X.

 

google-x

 

En juin 2012, le New York Times a rapporté qu’un groupe de 16 000 ordinateurs imitant certains aspects de l’activité du cerveau humain avait réussi à apprendre à reconnaître un chat sur la base de 10 millions d’images numériques de chats provenant de vidéos YouTube. L’histoire a également été couverte par la National Public Radio et SmartPlanet (en).

 

Google Brain Cat

 

En mars 2013, Google a embauché Geoffrey Hinton, un chercheur de pointe dans le domaine de l’apprentissage en profondeur, et a acquis la société DNNResearch Inc. dirigée par Hinton. Hinton a dit qu’il partagerait son temps entre sa future recherche universitaire et son travail chez Google. Le 26 janvier 2014, plusieurs organes de presse ont déclaré que Google avait acheté DeepMind Technologies pour un montant non divulgué. Plus tard, des analystes ont annoncé que la société avait été acquise pour 400 millions de £ (650M $ USD / € 486m). Des rapports ultérieurs ont estimé que le prix d’achat s’élevait à plus de 500 millions de £.

Utilisation dans les produits de Google

La technologie du projet est actuellement utilisée dans le système de reconnaissance vocale du système d’exploitation Android, la recherche de photos de Google+ et les recommandations vidéos de YouTube.

Couverture médiatique

Le projet Google Brain a reçu une couverture médiatique importante dans Wired Magazine, le New York Times, Technology Review, National Public Radio et Big Think.

© Wikipedia

Utilisation dans le domaine de la cryptographie

Un article très intéressant disponible ici : http://arstechnica.co.uk/information-technology/2016/10/google-ai-neural-network-cryptography/ avec des copies d’écran pour les crypto-geek.

 

alice-bob-eve-diagram

 

bob-eve-google-errors

 

Et une question fondamentale en conclusion :

In conclusion, the researchers—Martín Abadi and David G. Andersen—said that neural networks can indeed learn to protect their communications, just by telling Alice to value secrecy above all else—and importantly, that secrecy can be obtained without prescribing a certain set of cryptographic algorithms.

En clair, une intelligence artificielle pourrait apprendre à protéger ses communications.

Imaginons maintenant que l’intelligence artificielle apprenne à protéger ses communications de Google…

 

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Google Dorking.com

Ci spiace, ma questo articolo è disponibile soltanto in Tedesco, Inglese Americano e Francese. Per ragioni di convenienza del visitatore, il contenuto è mostrato sotto in una delle lingue alternative disponibili. Puoi cliccare su uno dei links per cambiare la lingua del sito in un’altra lingua disponibile.

Google Dorking.com website

Google Dorking

 

Key features of google-dorking.com :

 

  • Google Dorking is related to dorking. A technic to find information using Google.
  • Google Dorking is pretty straight forward.
  • Google Dorking is twitter ready : Follow Google Dorking

 

 

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Updated: 9 settembre 2016 — 11:49

Google SSL

Google SSL Search

With Google search over SSL, you can have an end-to-end encrypted search solution between your computer and Google. This secured channel helps protect your search terms and your search results pages from being intercepted by a third party. This provides you with a more secure and private search experience.

To use search over SSL, visit https://www.google.com each time you perform a search. Note that only Google web search is available over SSL, so other search products like Google Images and Google Maps are not currently available over SSL. When you’re searching over SSL, these properties may not appear in the left panel.

What is SSL ?

SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is a protocol that helps provide secure Internet communications for services like web browsing, e-mail, instant messaging, and other data transfers. When you search over SSL, your search queries and search traffic are encrypted so they can’t be read by any intermediary party such as employers and internet service providers (ISPs).

What can I expect from search over SSL ?

Here’s how searching over SSL is different from regular Google search:

SSL encrypts the communication channel between Google and a searcher’s computer. When search traffic is encrypted, it can’t be read by third parties trying to access the connection between a searcher’s computer and Google’s servers. Note that the SSL protocol does have some limitations — more details are below.As another layer of privacy, SSL search turns off a browser’s referrers . Web browsers typically turn off referrers when going from HTTPS to HTTP mode to provide extra privacy. By clicking on a search result that takes you to an HTTP site, you could disable any customizations that the website provides based on the referrer information. At this time, search over SSL is supported only on Google web search. We will continue to work to support other products like Images and Maps. All features that are not supported have been removed from the left panel and the row of links at the top. You’ll continue to see integrated results like images and maps, and clicking those results will take you out of encrypted search mode. Your Google experience using SSL search might be slighly slower than you’re used to because your computer needs to first establish a secure connection with Google.

Note that SSL search does not reduce the data that Google receives and logs when you search, or change the listing of these terms in your Web History .

Does SSL provide complete security ?

While SSL helps prevent intermediary parties, such as ISPs, from knowing the exact search that you typed, they could still know which websites you visit once you click on the search results. For example, when you search over SSL for [ flowers ], Google encrypts the query “flowers” and the results that Google returns. But when you click on a search result, including results like images and maps, you could be exiting the encrypted mode if the destination link is not on https://.

If your computer is infected with malware or a keylogger, a third party might still be able to see the queries that you typed. We recommend that everyone learns how to prevent and remove malware.Remember that only Google web search supports search over SSL, so searching Google Images, for example, will not be encrypted.

Technical discussion of SSL protocol-level limitations. While SSL is a clear privacy and security benefit, we are aware of some technical limitations to SSL at the protocol level that are not specific to Google’s implementation:

A determined, skilled malicious party could potentially interpose himself into the network traffic and present a spoofed certificate to the user. In many cases, this will result in a certificate warning to the user. If you see a certificate warning, the protection may not hold. An adversary with the ability to install root certificates on the machine could potentially interpose himself into the network traffic without any warnings appearing. A highly capable source may be in a position to sign certificates with a standard, pre-installed certificate authority (CA), which again would allow intercept without any apparent warnings to the user. Even if all web searching occurs over SSL, a passive traffic listener may still be able to observe DNS look-ups.

How can I confirm whether I’m on a secure connection ?

Check to see that the URL you’re on starts with https:// instead of http://. Most browsers provide a visual confirmation (such as an icon of a lock) in the address bar or in the status bar at the bottom of the page. On Google SSL search, you’ll also see a special Google SSL logo with a lock icon. In addition to this logo, be sure to also check the https:// text in the address bar and any browser lock icons.

When you perform a search on https://www.google.com , you might see a warning if a page has some non-secure components: depending on your browser settings, you might see the lock icon turn into a warning sign, a pop-up message, or some other form of alert. This issue is often referred to as a “mixed mode error.”

Since this is a beta feature, there might be some rare cases in search over SSL that generate a mixed mode error. We’re working to prevent such errors, and you can help if you report any errors through our Help Forum.

EOF

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Google maps

Google maps.

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Updated: 9 dicembre 2015 — 6:08
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